Vowel Devanagari Letters in Nepali – Part 1

There are full vowel signs and attached vowel signs for (almost) every vowel – in contrast to consonants who have only a full consonants sign. In this part I focus on the first six vowels. अ अा इ र्इ उ ऊ – a aa i ii u uu The full vowel sign is used if the vowel is NOT attached to a consonant. Which is ...

Guttural Devanagari Consonants

These are the guttural Devanagari letters: The guttural consonants are from the first line of the consonant system in Devanagari. They come first because they are produced the furthest back in the throat-mouth system. Guttural is derived from the Latin word for throat “gula” and means as such “from the throat”. The term describes the fact that the sounds are produced in the throat. In ...

T and D sounds in Nepali – aspiration vs. non-aspiration (part II)

First Part (Non-)aspiration describes whether a out-breath is made during the sound production: Aspirated means there is an audible out-breath. Non-aspirated means there is no out-breath whatsoever. So basically you have to breath-out when making the sound (for the aspirated consonants) The best method to practice the pronunciation is to hold your hand 5 cm (2 inches) in front of your mouth and just feel ...

T and D sounds in Nepali – retroflex vs. dental (part I)

I will explain this in detail for the versions of the sound T. The different versions of the sound D will be analogue For the actual pronunciation please refer to the video that is posted in the second part of this blog post. For an English native speaker (and for speakers of most non-Indian languages) learning how to pronounce the four different sounds of T ...